2018/2019年 周教授CFA一级全系列课程

申请CFA一级会员免费学习、免费延期、直至通过考试, 更多详情

2019年6月 周教授CFA二级全系列课程

申请CFA二级会员免费学习、免费延期、直至通过考试, 更多详情

2019年6月 周教授CFA三级系列讲座:考点精讲+作答须知

全球最好CFA三级课程,通过率95%以上

2019年周教授CFA金融课程

由美国大学金融学资深教授,博士,CFA 持证人、博士生导师 - 周教授亲自授课,
中国知名大学教授、硕博团队协作出品

CFA报名详细流程图,CFA考生自己即可完成报名

 

CHOW RATIO The Analyst Space Sitemap
无上一主题
下一主题:[CFA LEVEL II 模拟试题] Mock Level II - Question 10
返回列表 发帖
2019 CFA LEVEL 1 2 3 高清精华课程

[CFA LEVEL II 模拟试题] Mock Level II - Question 4

Question 4

Laura James is the head portfolio manager for National Fund, a U.S. based mutual fund with a well-respected track record. National’s primary focus is on large-cap domestic equities, and the fund has consistently posted high returns relative to its peer group over the past seven years. Much of National’s recent success is from its investments in the U.S. automobile industry, which have posted extraordinary returns due to a favorable economic scenario. Over the past seven years, the U.S. economy has been expanding, foreign competition has not met consumer expectations, and oil prices have remained low. These factors have contributed to an increase in market share for the domestic producers (at the expense of foreign competitors), and the result has been strong earnings for the top U.S. automakers.

Ford Motor Company, in particular, has enjoyed tremendous success in this environment. Ford has capitalized on the trend toward bigger vehicles, particularly sport utility vehicles (SUVs), and has outperformed the other domestic auto makers. Ford jumped on the SUV bandwagon early, and established its dominance. Other domestic auto makers followed, with foreign producers being the last to embrace the trend. Ford, has increased its market share in an increasingly competitive industry. 

James is constantly reviewing economic forecasts and industry data in order to assess the expected performance of the investments in National’s portfolio. Due to changes in economic policy and recent volatility in energy prices, James now believes that current market conditions exhibit signs of contraction (recession). In addition, the automobile sector may be facing additional negative factors. In particular, James has concerns regarding the SUV segment of the automobile industry. Although she believes they will remain popular, she is concerned that the market may be reaching a point of saturation. In addition, volatile energy prices may dampen consumers’ enthusiasm for large vehicles. Lastly, foreign competitors have increased efforts toward the production of SUVs, thus “crowding” the market with many new models.

Part 1)
Assume an industry exhibits tendencies of “regression toward the mean.” This could mean all of the following EXCEPT:

A)

profits are high and competition increases from other firms in the industry.

B)

profits increase as firms enter the industry.

C)

profits are low and firms flee the industry.

D)

prices could increase or decrease depending on the level of profits.

Part 2)
In a recessionary environment, an automaker such as Ford would be expected to:

A)

produce more higher end vehicles.

B)

maintain the same product mix as 5 years ago.

C)

gain market share if it produces high end vehicles.

D)

produce more lower end vehicles.

Part 3)
Assume domestic automakers are growing at a rate of –2%. Ford expects to increase its market share by 0.5%. What is Ford’s growth rate?

A)

1.5%.

B)

-3.0%.

C)

-1.5%.

D)

3.0%.

Part 4)
Suppose instead that Ford’s growth of firm sales is expected to be –3% and the growth of industry sales is 1%. What is Ford’s expected change in market share?

A)

3%.

B)

-3%.

C)

-4%.

D)

4%.

Part 5)
Which of the following scenarios would be most likely to have a positive impact on Ford’s market share?

A)

New carmakers enter the market.

B)

An increase in its marketing budget.

C)

War with an oil producing country.

D)

The overall number of cars sold increases.

Part 6)
How would the auto industry most likely be affected by the business cycle? The industry is most likely to:

A)

lead the business cycle.

B)

not be affected.

C)

perform best during boom times.

D)

perform well during recovery.

答案如下

Question

4

Part 1)
Your answer: B was correct!

Profitability in a particular industry attracts competition from other firms, which then forces prices down, eventually reducing profits back to a long-run normal level. The opposite holds true for industries experiencing losses.

Part 2)
Your answer: D was correct!

During economic downturns, producers of low-cost products increase their market share at the expense of high-cost producers. This also is true within firms that produce various priced products.

Part 3)
Your answer: B was incorrect. The correct answer was C)

-1.5%.

(1 + growth of firm sales) = (1 + growth of industry sales) x (1 + fractional change of market share)
= 0.98 x 1.005
= 0.9849
growth of firm sales = –1.51%

Part 4)
Your answer: B was incorrect. The correct answer was C)

-4%.

0.97 = 1.01 x (1 + x)
0.9604 = 1 + x
–3.96% = x

Part 5)
Your answer: D was incorrect. The correct answer was B)

An increase in its marketing budget.

The percentage change in a firm’s market share is directly proportional to the percentage change in its marketing expenditures. An increase in the overall number of cars sold would not necessarily change Ford’s market share. New competition would be negative, as would war, as Ford’s share of the SUV market (gas guzzlers) is large.

Part 6)
Your answer: B was incorrect. The correct answer was D)

perform well during recovery.

Automakers are considered capital goods, and capital goods makers typically perform well during periods of recovery.





TOP

TOP

TOP

TOP

TOP

TOP

TOP

TOP

TOP

返回列表
无上一主题
下一主题:[CFA LEVEL II 模拟试题] Mock Level II - Question 10