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Reading 19: Foreign Exchange Parity Relations-LOS d 习题精选

Session 4: Economics for Valuation
Reading 19: Foreign Exchange Parity Relations

LOS d: Describe the factors that cause a nation's currency to appreciate or depreciate.

 

 

Under a system of flexible exchange rates, which one of the following is more likely to cause a nation's currency to appreciate on the foreign exchange market?

A)
A domestic inflation rate lower than the nation's trading partners.
B)
A decrease in real domestic interest rates.
C)
A domestic inflation rate higher than the nation's trading partners.


 

If a nation's trading partners prices are increasing twice as fast as the domestic country A, then foreign citizens will increase their demand for A's goods. This increased demand will appreciate country A's currency making country A's goods more expensive offsetting the effects of inflation.

The U.S. imposes a high tariff on a major imported item. Under a system of flexible exchange rates, this would tend to:

A)
cause the dollar to depreciate in value.
B)
cause the dollar to appreciate in value.
C)
increase the balance of trade deficit of the U.S.


The demand for imports would decrease due to their higher price because of the tariff. This would cause U.S. exports to increase relative to imports. When a country has increased exports relative to its imports, its currency will appreciate.

TOP

A Japanese automobile manufacturer builds an automobile plant in the U.S. In the foreign exchange market, this action creates a:

A)
supply of dollars and a demand for yen.
B)
demand for dollars and a surplus of yen.
C)
demand for both dollars and yen.


The Japanese automaker will need to buy U.S. dollars to pay for costs in the United States such as payments to workers, overhead costs, supplies and materials. Thus, the Japanese automaker will be looking to trade yen for dollars, creating a demand for dollars and a surplus of yen.

TOP

Which of the following factors is least likely to affect foreign exchange rates?

A)

Income growth.

B)

The government sets a price floor for the price of wheat.

C)

Real interest rates.



The three major factors that cause a country's currency to appreciate or depreciate relative to another's are:

  • Differences in income growth among nations will cause nations with the highest income growth to demand more imported goods. Heightened demand for imports will increase demand for foreign currencies, and foreign currencies will appreciate relative to the domestic currency.
  • Differences in inflation rates will cause the residents of the country with the highest inflation rate to demand more imported (cheaper) goods. If a country’s inflation rate is higher than its trading partner’s, the demand for the country’s currency will be low, and the currency will depreciate.
  • Differences in real interest rates will cause a flow of capital into those countries with the highest available real rates of interest. Therefore, there will be an increased demand for those currencies, and they will appreciate relative to countries whose available real rate of return is low.

TOP

If incomes in the U.S. are increasing rapidly compared to those in Mexico, how will the value of the U.S. dollar and the Mexican peso move relative to each other?

U.S. Dollar Peso

A)
Depreciate Appreciate
B)
Appreciate Depreciate
C)
Depreciate No change


Rapid growth of U.S. incomes relative to incomes in Mexico will stimulate imports from Mexico, causing an increased demand for the peso. The increased demand for pesos will cause the peso to appreciate relative to the dollar.

TOP

How would an unanticipated shift to a more expansionary monetary policy in the United States typically affect the demand for foreign currencies and the value of the dollar?

Demand for
Foreign Currencies
Foreign Exchange Value
of the Dollar

A)
Increase Decrease
B)
Increase No change
C)
No change Decrease


An unanticipated shift to an expansionary monetary policy will lead to higher income, an accelerated inflation rate, and lower real interest rates. The higher income and higher domestic prices stimulate imports and discourage exports causing the current account balance to move toward deficit.

TOP

If the domestic inflation rate is lower than the foreign rate of inflation:

A)
the domestic currency will depreciate relative to the foreign currency.
B)
the foreign currency will appreciate relative to the domestic currency.
C)
the domestic currency will appreciate relative to the foreign currency.


If a nation's trading partners prices are increasing twice as fast as the domestic country A, then foreign citizens will increase their demand for A's goods. This increased demand will cause country A's currency to appreciate making country A's goods more expensive offsetting the effects of inflation differences.

TOP

An analyst has the following expectations for three economies over the coming year:

Dacia

Epirus

Noricum

Income growth rate

3%

5%

3%

Inflation rate

2%

2%

5%

Domestic real interest rate

4%

3%

4%

Based on these forecasts, how should the analyst predict the currency of Dacia will change in value versus the currencies of Epirus and Noricum?

Dacia/Epirus Dacia/Noricum

A)
Depreciate Appreciate
B)
Appreciate Depreciate
C)
Appreciate Appreciate


Lower income growth, lower inflation, and a higher domestic real interest rate are factors that should cause a currency to appreciate. Dacia is expected to have a lower income growth rate and a higher real interest rate than Epirus, so Dacia’s currency should appreciate relative to that of Epirus. Dacia is expected to have a lower inflation rate than Noricum, so Dacia’s currency should also appreciate against the currency of Noricum.

TOP

Which of the following would be most likely to cause a nation’s currency to depreciate?

A)

Domestic real interest rates that are lower than those of other countries.

B)

Slow growth of income relative to one’s trading partners.

C)

A rate of inflation that is lower than that of one’s trading partners.



Three major factors cause a country’s currency to appreciate or depreciate:

  1. The growth rate of income relative to trading partners (high growth → depreciation).
  2. The rate of inflation relative to trading partners (high inflation → depreciation).
  3. Domestic real interest rates relative to those of other countries (low real rates → depreciation).

TOP

Mexico eliminates a high tariff on a major imported item. Under a system of flexible exchange rates, this action would tend to:

A)
decrease the balance of trade deficit of Mexico.
B)
cause the peso to depreciate in value.
C)
cause the peso to appreciate in value.


By eliminating a high tariff on a major imported item under flexible exchange rates, demand for foreign goods increases, causing the peso to depreciate.

TOP

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